Battle of Pullalur

The Battle of Pullalur, also known as the Battle of Pollilur, was fought on 10 September 1780, during the Second Anglo-Mysore War. The battle took place near Pollilur, a small village in Tamil Nadu, India.

The British forces, led by General Sir Hector Munro, were marching towards the Mysore capital, Srirangapatna, when they were intercepted by the forces of Hyder Ali, the ruler of Mysore. Hyder Ali had formed an alliance with the French and had been receiving support from them in the form of troops and weapons.

The British forces, consisting of around 4,000 soldiers, were taken by surprise when they were attacked by a larger force of Mysorean and French troops. Despite being outnumbered, the British put up a fierce resistance, and the battle continued for several hours. However, they were eventually defeated by the Mysorean and French forces, and many British soldiers were killed or captured.

The Battle of Pollilur was a significant victory for Hyder Ali and the French, as it prevented the British from advancing further into Mysore. The British were forced to retreat and regroup, and they eventually returned with a larger force to defeat Hyder Ali and his allies in the later stages of the war.

The battle is also notable for the use of rockets by the Mysorean forces. The rockets, which were made of bamboo and packed with gunpowder, were launched at the British lines, causing widespread panic and confusion among their troops. This was one of the first instances of rockets being used in a military context, and it had a significant impact on the development of rocket technology in India and Europe.

Battle of Pullalur
(618–619 CE) Chalukyas of Vatapi Pallava dynasty Chalukya victory
Result of battle is inconclusive by mostly historians
Part of Chalukya–Pallava Wars

Dharmendra Singh

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