Kargil War (1999)

The Kargil War was a conflict between India and Pakistan that took place from May to July 1999 in the Kargil district of Jammu and Kashmir, along the Line of Control (LoC) that separates the Indian-administered Kashmir from the Pakistani-administered Kashmir. The war was sparked by the infiltration of Pakistani troops and Kashmiri militants into the Indian side of the LoC, with the aim of occupying strategic heights and cutting off the strategic Srinagar-Leh highway.

The conflict began with limited skirmishes between Indian and Pakistani troops in the Kargil sector, but quickly escalated into a full-scale war as the Indian Army launched a major offensive to retake the captured territory. The fighting was intense and often took place at high altitudes, with both sides suffering heavy casualties.

India’s military campaign, codenamed “Operation Vijay,” was ultimately successful in driving Pakistani troops and militants out of the occupied territory. The war ended with the signing of the Lahore Declaration in February 1999, which called for a peaceful resolution to the Kashmir conflict through dialogue and diplomacy.

The Kargil War had significant political and military consequences for both India and Pakistan. India’s victory in the war bolstered its military reputation and strengthened its position in the region, while Pakistan’s defeat led to internal political turmoil and a reassessment of its military strategy. The conflict also underscored the need for improved communication and dialogue between the two countries to prevent future escalation and violence along the LoC.

Kargil War
(1999) India Pakistan
Victory

India regains possession of Kargil
No territorial changes[23]

Dharmendra Singh

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